Each one ahs specific requirements relating to

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Unformatted text preview: AREA NUMBER OF STORIES OCCUPANCY GROUPS THE USE OF THE FACILITY DETERMINES THE OCCUPANCY GROUP, EACH ONE AHS SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO ALLOWABLE AREA, HEIGHT AND EXITINIGN IWTH POTENTIAL CONSTRUCTION TYPES A: ASSEMBLY: BRINGS GROUPS LARGER THAN 50 INTO SMALL SPACES B: BUSINESS: OFFICE BUILDINGS, CLINICS, LABS, JUNIOR COLLEGES, UNIVERSITIES E: EDUCATIONAL: K-12 SCHOOL BUILDINGS, DAY CARE FACILITIES F: FACTORY AND INDUSTRIAL: F1 (MODERATE HAZARD) + F2 (LOW HAZARD) H: HIGH-HAZARD: DANGEROUS MATERIALS OR PROCESSES (H1-H5) I: INSTITUTIONAL: HOSPITALS, HEALTH CARE, NURSING HOMES, PRISONS (I1-I4) M: MERCANTILE: RETAIL FACILITIES WITH STORAGE THATS LESS THAN 10% OF AREA R: RESIDENTIAL: R1 (HOTELS), R2 (APARTMENTS), R3 (SINGLE FAMILY HOMES), R4 (ASSISTED LIVING) S: STORAGE U: UTILITY AND MISCELLANEOUS Monday, March 18, 13 CONSTRUCTION TYPES THE FIRE RESISTANCE OF VARIOUS COMBINATION OF MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION METHODS (LOWER CONSTRUCTION = HIGHER FIRE RESISTANCE) • STRUCTURAL FRAME • BEARING WALLS • NON-BEARING PARTITIONS • FLOOR CONSTRUCTION • ROOF CONSTRUCTION TYPES I + II: NON-COMBUSTIBLE TYPE III: MIXED-COMBUSTIBLE TYPE IV: HEAVY TIMBER TYPE V: ANY MATERIALS NON-COMBUSTIBLE: STEEL, CONCRETE, MASONRY PROTECTED: AUTOMATIC SPRINKLERS Monday, March 18, 13 LOCATION ON PROPERTY DETERMINE REQUIRED DISTANCE FROM PROPERTY LINES, ROADS, AND OTHER BUILDINGS AND THE FOLLOWING... • “PASSIVE” FIRE PROTECTION • EXTENT OF OPENINGS IN EXTERIOR WALL Monday, March 18, 13 ALLOWABLE FLOOR AREA • BASED ON OCCUPANCY GROUP AND TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION • INCREASES CAN BE MADE IF INCREASE PASSIVE OR ACTIVE FIRE RESISTANCE (LOCATION ON SITE + FIRE SPRINKLERS) Monday, March 18, 13 HEIGHT + NUMBER OF STORIES • RULES APPLIED TO SLOPED ROOFS, EXTERIOR WALLS, SHAFT SPACES, MEZZANINES • BASED ON OCCUPANCY GROUP AND TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION • MAY BE INCREASED BY FIRE-SPRINKLER SYSTEM Monday, March 18, 13 MEANS OF EGRESS • EXITING SYSTEMS MUST PROVIDE A SAFE PASSAGE OUT OF THE BUILDING IN CASE OF EMERGENCY • OPENINGS BETWEEN FLOORS SUCH AS STAIRS, ELEVATORS + MECHANICAL SHAFTS TO ALLOW THE PASSAGE OF SMOKE • STRUCTURE HOUR RATING: REQUIREMENTS FOR THE TIME IT TAKES A FIRE TO WEAKEN A STRUCTURAL ELEMENT • AREA/OCCUPANCY SEPARATION RATING: HOW LONG IT WILL TAKE A FIRE TO PENETRATE A WALL PARTITION • FLAME SPREAD + SMOKE GENERATIONS: HOW LONG IT TAKES FOR FIRE TO MOVE ALONG A SURFACE OF A BUILDING 1. ALTERNATIVE PATHS: PROVIDE 2 CONTINUOUS PATHS 2. INCREASED FLOW: BECOME INCREASINGLY SAFE EXIT: PROTECTED AREA, FIRESTAIR 3. PROTECTED AREA: PROVIDE AREAS OF HIGHER FIRE EXIT DISCHARGE: CONTROLLED, AT GRADE, EXTERIOR RESISTANCE TO PROVIDE MORE TIME 4. DOORS MUST SWING IN TRAVEL DIRECTION 5. LARGE SPACES REQUIRE MULTIPLE EXITS 6. DOORS MAY NOT SWING INTO REQUIRED WIDTH Monday, March 18, 13 EXIT ACCESS: AISLES, CORRIDORS LOCATION SCHEMATIC DESIGN Monday, March 18, 13 TRADITIONAL PROJECT DELIVERY CLIENT/OWNER: SITE, BUDGET, PROGRAM DESIGNERS: PRE DESIGN SCHEMATIC DESIGN PLANNING APPROVAL 15% DESIGN DEVELOPMENT CODE CHECK 20% CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTATION BUILDING PERMIT 35% 5% BID REVIEW + NEGOTIATION BUILDER: CLIENT/OWNER: Monday, March 18, 13 CONSTRUCTION ADMINISTRATION OCCUPANCY 5% OCCUPANCY PERMIT 20% DRAWING TYPES + SCALES 1” = 20’, 1” = 30’ SITE PLANS 1/8” = 1’, 1/4” = 1’ FLOOR PLANS ROOF PLANS REFLECTED CEILING PLANS EXTERIOR EL...
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