Civil Rights-1 (2).pptx - Topic 9 Lesson 1 The Civil Rights...

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Topic 9 Lesson 1 The Civil Rights Movement Strengthens Be sure to read this Topic 9 & start your outlines of lessons 1-3
Segregation 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court ruled “separate but equal” is legal.( de jure segregation) De facto segregation: segregation by unwritten custom or tradition Congress for Racial Equality (CORE): formed to bring an end to racial injustice. Used nonviolent methods to gain civil rights. *1947 Jackie Robinson became the first African American major league baseball player
Segregation
Military Segregation (Ended in 1948 by Harry Truman)
Jackie Robinson (1 st African American MLB player)
Brown v. The Board of Education NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) was the most powerful civil rights organization. Thurgood Marshal was their head lawyer & challenged segregation. They won several key cases that advanced the cause of ending segregation. Brown v. The Board of Education officially ends segregation in schools(1954) Over 100 southern congressmen endorsed “The Southern Manifesto” to oppose the ruling. The KKK staged protests against the ruling.
Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren reads the ruling on Brown v. Board of Education
Thurgood Marshal(becomes 1 st African American Supreme Court Judge)
Brown v. The Board of Education
Clashes between state & federal government Little Rock, Arkansas: 9 African American students enrolled in a previously all white school. The Arkansas governor, Orval Faubus blocked them with the National Guard. Eisenhower sent in the military & they escorted them to school for the year. Civil Rights Act of 1957 : Can now investigate violations of civil rights & protected the voting rights of African Americans
Little Rock 9 being escorted to class by the military
People against the Little Rock 9(Elizabeth Eckford)
The Montgomery Bus Boycott 12/01/1955 Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white passenger & was arrested for it. This sparked a movement & African Americans called for bus boycott & refused to ride the bus for over a year. This lead to the desegregation of public buses. Martin Luther King Jr. became the face of the movement & urged people to use nonviolent protests. King helped form the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) to continue the struggle for civil rights.
Rosa Parks arrested for not giving up her seat on the bus
Martin Luther King Jr. (Leader of the SCLC)

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