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Reading Notes on Denuclearization and Human Rights in North Korea

If the py regime falls due to internal or external

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Unformatted text preview: food shortages o In 1994, Agreed Framework: NK shut down nuke program in exchange for two light water nuclear reactors and heavy fuel oil. Between 1995 and 2003, US provided over $400 million in HFO, which was channeled through the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO), the organization established to implement the Agreed Framework In 2002, Bush halted energy assistance due to NK’s reported admission it had been developing uranium- based nuke program • December, NK expelled inspectors from Yongbyon nuke site, withdrew from NPT, and resumed operations and the site. Bush wanted to permanently end KEDO, but KEDO Executive Board decided to suspend construction for one- year periods. 2005, KEDO permanently terminated. September 2005, 6PT issue join statement agreeing to promote economic cooperation in the fields of energy, trade and investment, bilaterally and/or multilaterally. Other countries stated their willingness to procide energy assistance to DPRK. LWR to NK will be discussed at the appropriate time. o In 2007, Bush admin resumed energy assistance. 6PT made progress and the US and other countries began providing HFO in return for NK freezing and disabling its plutonium- based nuke facilities. US provided energy assistance and technical assistance to help disablement process. NK May 2009 nuke test halted discussion of US energy assistance to NK o 2012 Lead Day Agreement: Obama and NK announced that they had reached two related agreements. First, NK announced it would abide by a moratorium on testing and allow international monitoring of key parts of its nuclear program. Second, US said it would provide NK with 240,000 metric tons of food aid, or “nutritional assistance.” NK also agreed o tougher conditions on monitoring and that food assistance comes in the form of food products that are less likely to be diverted from their intended recipients. Movement toward restart of US- NK diplomacy was halted less than three weeks after. On March 16, 2012, NK announced it would launch “earth observation satellite.” This would defy a number of UN resolutions which • demand NK refrain from any launch using ballistic missile technology. April 13, NK proceeds and agreement falls apart. o SK’s trustpolitik: new era on Korean Peninsula by adopting modest confidence- building measures...
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