Reading Notes on Denuclearization and Human Rights in North Korea

The us seeks a peaceful diplomatic solution to the

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Unformatted text preview: whether these were Chinese, American or South Korean. o Second, these “blame USA” arguments simply do not do justice to the decades of hard- fought diplomatic efforts of past administrations. Undeniably, there have been periods in US foreign policy, such as in the aftermath of September 11, when there was much less tolerance for reaching out to PY in the face of its belligerence. But these periodic lapses only underscore a diplomatic record, taken as a whole, which demonstrates over twenty years of sustained efforts by Washington to seek a peaceful diplomatic solution to the denuclearization of NK. (277- 278) • Obama: Strategic Patience o This policy essentially stated that the US remains committed to diplomacy—that is. The US seeks a peaceful diplomatic solution to the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, and that it remains committed to the 6PT and to fulfilling its • commitments in the denuclearization agreements of 2005 and 2007. However, in the face of the string of DPRK provocations in 2009 and 2010, Washington was willing to wait for a period of time in which PY could demonstrate some positive and constructive behavior and a willingness to negotiate in earnest. In the interim, a premium was placed on coordinating policies closely with Japan and South Korea, and on the tools of coercive diplomacy, including counterproflieration measures, UNSC sanctions, and financial sanctions. Strategic patience would not reward the regime and thereby devalued PY’s attempts to use provocations as a means to attract attention. More important, it highlighted the positive behavior by the North rather than a mere cessation of provocations, as the path back to high- level diplomacy. (296- 297) So what do they want? If twenty plus years of offers by the US is not enough, then what else? o Negotiating with North Korea is all about contradictions. What can be important one day can become unimportant the next. A position they hold stubbornly for weeks and months can suddenly disappear. But these contradictions tell us a lot about core goals. o They want nuclear weapons for keeps (299- 300) The simplest explanation for NK nuclear tests and provocations is the desire to improve their nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles. Countries do not simply pursue ICBMs or nuclear weapons simply to accumul...
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