History of Jazz Notes

History of Jazz Notes - History of Jazz-Jazz-unique...

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History of Jazz 8/30/2006 -Jazz -unique cultural contribution from the United States to the world -improvised type of music -has a special feeling-mainly blues -New Orleans -the first jazz style -the birthplace of jazz -1930’s swing music -1940’s revolution by musicians -more complicated with a very fast tempo -b-bop -cool jazz-Miles Davis -1950’s hard bop -music reflects society History of Jazz 9/4/2006 -West African and West European -cross-fertilization- the coming together of the 2 cultures in North America -note-symbol for a tone -tone-musical sound -pitch-relationship between 2 tones -rhythm -beat-steady pulse -tempo-speed of beat -accent-stress, emphasis -significant factors -polyrhythem-many rhythms occurring at the same time -noise factor-aesthetics -Ghana and Ewe tribes are factors of jazz West Africa Western Europe -handmade instruments -standardized instruments -music is functional -music for artistic aims -everyone participates -spectator/performer model -improvision -composition -physicality/holistic -cerebral process -accidental harmony -planned harmony -rhythm is dominant -melody is dominant
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History of Jazz 9/6.2006 -New Orleans was founded as a pot city in 1817 -creoles are people born outside of the motherland -Native Americans -French, Spanish, English -duty free port which means plentiful trade -Catholic is the primary religion -French Military March -monorhythm -Caribbean influences -located south of the Gulf of Mexico -slaves were brought to New Orleans -Calypso-a style that integrates the voice with music and dance -under the Spanish rule -1800 calypso was banned by the British because they considered it as a political threat -slaves were introduced immediately to the Catholic religion -Voodoo -mixture of Catholic and West Indies religions -Grand maitre-one god-monotheistic -Hougan-alter boys -Mamb-nuns -Congo square was established for the slaves to meet on Sundays and they would sing and dance -this was a major point for the cross-fertilization in jazz Jelly Roll Martin -La Mothe, Ferdinand -French-African-American Code Moir -Issued by France in 1724 -forbade intermarriage between whites and slaves -one drop of white blood was sufficient for the freedom of the slaves -1803-Louisiana was purchased -United States government had to agree that creoles were allowed to keep freedoms of code moir -Creoles -defined by French background -owned slaves -lived together -land owners -all the rights of whites -1840-New Orleans was the wealthiest city in the nation -creoles lived downtown -wealthy whites and poor blacks lived uptown -canal street was built to be a canal between the Gulf but it became a dividing line between the poor blacks and the wealthy whites
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-Freddy Capard was given an opportunity to record his music but he declined because he did not want other people to copy his music -Vibrato -characteristic New Orleans jazz -conveys warmth History of Jazz 9/11/2006 -monorhythm -one beat the carries through the entire song -characteristic of western European classical music -rhythm consists of beat, tempo, accent, and meter -Buddy Bolden
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