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What animal parasites can live in the brain?,"Pork tapeworm (neurocysticerosis)"
encephalitis,"condition characterized by inflammation of the brain caused by viral infection"
meningitis,"inflammation of the meninges, produces flu like symptoms (high temp., vomiting, etc), neck stiffness, aversion to bright lights, and drowsiness"
How does AIDS affect the brain?,"AIDS dementia complex (ADC) = collection of neurological symptoms that result either directly from the actions of the HIV virus itself or from other opportunistic infections overlooked by impaired immune system"
T ransmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (T SEs),"disease that can be transferred from one animal to another and that produces fatal, degenerative condition characterized by dementia and motor disturbance"
Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease (CDJ),"human T SE that results in progressively degenerative conidion charactereized by movement and cognitive disorder"
Kuru,"disease that is a type of T SE caused by a prion found in humans. It is also known as the laughing sickness due to the pathologic bursts of laughter people would display. Was probably transmitted among members of the Fore tribe of Papua New Guinea via cannibalism ."
TSEs and prions,"TSEs are said to be caused by a new type of infections agent, single protein (prion)
prion is a protein particle that lacks nucleic acid and cannot be destroyed by usual sterilization procedure"
migraine,"genetically related condition, usually featuring severe form of headache, nausea and sensory distortions"
basic synaptic elements,"Small molecule transmitters respond rapidly as neurotransmitters, requires less calcium and therefore a slower action potential. Neutopeptiteds, are in the grey matter, and dissolve after use- are not reuptaked"
glutamate,"excitation in cerebral cortex"
GABA,"inhibition in cerebral cortex"
serotonin,"mood, wakefulness/sleep, ecstasy"
dopamine,"movement/motor skills, reinforcement/rewards and planning/psychosis. Also discourages Parkinsonâs disease and schizophrenia."
acetylcholine,"muscle control, botox"
what synaptic processes can drugs affect?,"synthesis, storage, release, receptors, reuptake, enzymatic inactivation"
agonists,"boost action of neurotransmitters"
antagonists,"interfere with action of neurotransmitters"
black widow venom,"promotes ACh releaseÂ "
botulin toxin,"blocks release of ACh
tends to be in old unseated food"
L-dopa,"increases production of dopamine
most traditional meds for schitzo (blocks dopamine reuptake)"
amphetamines,"increases release and inhibits reuptake of dopamine"
cocaine,"inhibits reuptake of dopamine"
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This document was uploaded on 03/17/2014 for the course PSY 3 at UCSB.
- Fall '10