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Unformatted text preview: cial and violent"
activity in which brain area positively correlates with being "in love" and negatively with aggression?,"anterior cingulate cortex"
three stages of General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS),"Stressor > alarm (flight or fight response) > resistance (continue coping) > exhaustion (reserves depleted)Â "
what blood cells are suppressed by stress hormones?,"white blood cells"
what does it lead to?,"it makes people more susceptible to disease
explains why chronic stress victims are often sick"
which of the following predicts heart problems in the "type a" personality: competitive drive or hostility?,"thought toangry and resentful of others are at hostility heart disease"
people who are constantly suspicious be competitive drive but is actually risk for
three types of behavior,"reflexes -- involuntary response to stimuli
instincts -- stereotyped, complex responses triggered by environmental stimuli
learning -- relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience"
types of learning,"nonassociative learning = change in magnitude of response to environmental events (habituation and sensitization)
associative learning = connection between 2 elements/events (classical conditioning/learning leading to several types of memory)"
habituation,"response to steady or repeated stimulus decreases over time"
sensitization,"experience of one stimulus heightens the response to a subsequent stimulus"
classical conditioning,"CS > UCS > CR
car crash makes you scared to drive
dogs salivate when food is presented, ring bell as food is presented, dog salivates when bell is rung"
what structure in the brain participates in fear conditioning?,"amygdala
l esions of the amygdala prevent learning of emotional responses"
Atkinson-Shiffrin model of memory,"sensory memory holds large quantities of information for several seconds, short term memory holds limited quantities for limited periods of time, long term memory can hold unlimited amounts of info for unlimited periods of time. info that does not move to the next stage for processing will be permanently lost"
what are the types of long term memory?,"semantic = declarative, explicit memory for facts and verbal info
episodic = declarative, explicit memory for personal experience
procedural = implicit memory for performing learned skills and tasks"
what is the importance or Karl Lashley's search for the "engram"? Were his conclusions correct?,"larger amounts of cortex damaged, more errors rats made
conclusion = memory widely distributed in cortex"
based on H.M. case, what brain structure has been implicated in form...
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This document was uploaded on 03/17/2014 for the course PSY 3 at UCSB.
- Fall '10