FAPESP-Code_of_Good_Scientific_Practice_2014 - CODE OF GOOD SCIENTIFIC PRACTICE CODE OF GOOD SCIENTIFIC PRACTICE 2014 FAP E S P S\u00e3o Paulo Research

FAPESP-Code_of_Good_Scientific_Practice_2014 - CODE OF...

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CODE OF GOOD SCIENTIFIC PRACTICE
2014 CODE OF GOOD SCIENTIFIC PRACTICE
FAPESP São Paulo Research Foundation Celso Lafer President Eduardo Moacyr Krieger Vice-president Board of Trustess Celso Lafer Eduardo Moacyr Krieger Alejandro Szanto de Toledo Fernando Ferreira Costa Horacio Lafer Piva João Grandino Rodas José de Souza Martins Maria José Soares Mendes Giannini Marilza Vieira Cunha Rudge Pedro Luiz Barreiros Passos Suely Vilela Yoshiaki Nakano Executive Board José Arana Varela Chief Executive Officer Carlos Henrique de Brito Cruz Scientific Director Joaquim José de Camargo Engler Administrative Director
Translation Kendra Johnson Translation of the letter Kim Olson Revision Nature Publishing Group Language Editing
5 Summary 1. Cover letter , 7 2. Preamble , 13 3. Guidelines for scientific activities , 19 3.1. On the design, proposal and performance or research, 21 3.2. On the presentation of research findings and authorship, 22 3.3. On the recording, storage and acessibility of data and information, 24 3.4. On potencial conflicts of interest, 25 3.5. On peer review, 25 3.6. On mentoring, 27 4. On scientific misconduct , 29 5. On the responsability of research institutions , 33 6. On the allegation, investigacion and declaration of scientific misconduct , 37
1 Cover letter
9 Subject: Good Scientific Practices From: Scientific Directorate To: FAPESP Board of Trustees In addition to the ethical principles to which all individuals are subject, regardless of the singularity of their professional activities, scientists are also held to standards of scientific conduct that derive from the specific purpose of their profession: the collective building and appropriation of science. These standards define the ethical integrity of scientific activities, and can be reduced to a single basic principle: all scientists must practice their profession in the most appropriate manner possible that enables them to make their best contribution to the advancement of science. Any violation of this principle, either intentionally or due to negligence, compromises the trustworthiness of the results of scientific research, undermines the foundations of collaboration between researchers, and hampers the process of building science as a collective endeavor. Furthermore, compromising the public trust in science itself, undermines the very reason for its existence: to be an effective instrument for expanding human knowledge and the rational course of human actions, in their most varied forms. Over the course of recent decades, international consensus has been reached on the issue of whether ethical integrity of scientific activities deserves continuous and systematic attention from the scientific community and the institutions through which they are organized. Consensus also holds that such research integrity should be regulated 1. Cover letter
10 FAPESP by the community itself. Therefore, particularly over the last ten years, in many parts of the world, institutional policies have been formulated

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