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Unformatted text preview: PARTAN CONSTITUTION
The former Spartan king Demaratus to the
Persian Great King Xerxes: “The point is that although they are
free, they are not entirely free: their
master is the law, and they are far
more afraid of this than your men are
of you. At any rate, they do whatever
the law commands, and its command
, Herodotus, Histories 7.101-105 SPARTA – THE IDEAL? Edgar Degas, Young Spartans
Exercising (c. 1860) “Portrait” of Lycurgus,
Chamber of the House of
Representatives SPARTA - THE TOTALITARIAN HORROR?
"In other states when a man proves a coward, the only
consequence is that he is called a coward. He goes to the
same market as the brave man and sits beside him. He
attends the same gymnasium if he chooses. But in Sparta
everyone would be ashamed to have a coward with him at
the mess or to be matched with him in a wrestling bout.
Often when sides are picked for a game of ball he is the odd
man left out. In a chorus he is banished to the ignominious
place. In the streets he is bound to make way when he
occupies a seat; he must give it up even to a younger man.
He must support his spinster relatives at home and he must
explain to them why they are old maids."
Xenophon, Constitution of the Lacedaemonians Or both?...
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This document was uploaded on 03/18/2014 for the course ANCH 026 at UPenn.
- Fall '07