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ANCH026_Lecture03

ANCH026_Lecture03 - BETWEEN MYTH AND HISTORY THE TROJAN WAR...

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BETWEEN MYTH AND HISTORY: THE TROJAN WAR Lecture 3
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2 great Bronze Age civilizations in Greece: Minoan Crete and Mycenae Both flourished in the 2 nd millenium BCE. Both were highly organized, with central administration and monarchical rule Both were literate (recall: Linear A and Linear B) We infer the structure of these societies from archaeology.
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2100 – 1600 BCE Middle Bronze Age 1600 – 1200 BCE Late Bronze Age 13 th /12 th century BCE “Trojan War” acc. to the Greek tradition 1200 – 800/750 BCE “Dark Ages” 750-650 BCE Iliad and Odyssey 800/750 – 500/480 BCE Archaic Period 500/480 – 323 BCE Classical Period 323 – 31 BCE Hellenistic Period PERIODS OF GREEK HISTORY
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Today Can/Should archaeology be used to “prove” Homer? Was there a Trojan War? Can the Homeric epics be used as a primary source for history? And if so, for what period?
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HOMER AND THE ILIAD AND ODYSSEY
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Sing, goddess, the anger of Achilles, Peleus’ son, The accursed anger which brought the Achaeans countless Agonies and hurled many mighty shades of heroes into Hades, Causing them to become the prey of dogs and All kinds of birds; and the plan of Zeus was fulfilled.
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