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ANCH026_Lecture07

ANCH026_Lecture07 - ATHENS IN THE ARCHAIC PERIOD Lecture 7...

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ATHENS IN THE ARCHAIC PERIOD Lecture 7
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“Chigi Vase”, 600-550 BCE, Recall: Hoplite warfare
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Athens around 700 BCE Rapidly growing population Population organized in 4 traditional tribes social and political elite: eupatridae council on the Areopagus
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Athenian archons Archon eponymos Archon basileus (religious duties) Archon polemarchos (“war magistrate”) 6 thesmothetai : judicial officials Fragment of a list of Athenian archons, 527/6 – 522 BCE
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Code of Hammurabi, 18 th century BCE Draco, 621/620 BCE Reconstruction of the Athenian axones
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Problems… Hektemoroi Debtor owes 1/6 of the product of his land to the creditor Struggle among the aristocrats Impoverished farmers Social dependency Eventually: debt-bondage
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594 BCE: REFORMS OF SOLON For to the common people I gave so much power as is sufficient, Neither robbing them of dignity, nor giving them too much, And those who had power, and were marvelously rich, Even for these I contrived that they suffered no harm I stood with a mighty shield in front of both classes, And suffered neither of them to prevail unjustly.
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