Religion snake goddess bulls head rituals bull

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: hered •  Mostly administrative records •  Preserved because of the fires that destroyed the palaces. Religion “Snake goddess” Bull’s head Rituals: Bull leaping Problems…. A priest? A god? A king? Seal from Charnia (Western Crete) Mycenae Heinrich Schliemann (1822-1890) Excavations in Mycenae from 1876 on Lion Gate “Cyclopean Walls” GRAVE CIRCLE A   13 shaft graves   9 male,   8 female,   2 children   Dated 1550-1500 BCE “MYCENAE RICH IN GOLD…” Jewellery Sword handle Death mask “Treasury of Atreus” Tholos, Dated c. 1300-1250 BCE Minoan Influences Minoan Jar Mycenaean Jar “MYCENAE RICH IN GOLD…” Jewellery Sword handle Death mask Artistic reconstruction of the central room (megaron) Palace at Pylos A warrior culture Grave stele (grave circle A; Mycenae) Warriors on the march (vase painting, Mycenae) Wall painting depicting soldiers in battle Minoan wall painting from Akrotiri (Thera), c. 1600 BCE depicting a Mycenaean invasion? Knife blade with lion hunt, grave circle A, Mycenae Consider: •  Values and ideology •  Legitimizing power and authority? •  Eastern influences? LINEAR B Deciphered in 1953 Adapted from Linear A Used for administrative records Early form of Greek Our questions •  When did Greek history begin? •  How much can archaeology tell us about the past? MYCENAEAN CIVILIZATION •  Settlements on the Peloponnese and in Central Greece (cf. peer polity model) •  Fortified citadels plus hinterland •  Hierarchical society, monarchical rule (wanax / anax) •  Centralization and bureaucracy •  Wealth •  Trade, piracy, war •  Art and architecture SOMETHING TO THINK ABOUT… Is this the society described by Homer? Can (or: should) archaeology be used to “prove” Homer?...
View Full Document

This document was uploaded on 03/18/2014 for the course ANCH 026 at UPenn.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online