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• Mostly administrative
• Preserved because of
the fires that
palaces. Religion “Snake goddess” Bull’s head Rituals: Bull leaping Problems…. A priest?
A king? Seal from Charnia (Western Crete) Mycenae Heinrich Schliemann
(1822-1890) Excavations in Mycenae from 1876 on Lion Gate “Cyclopean Walls” GRAVE CIRCLE A 13 shaft
graves 9 male, 8 female, 2 children Dated
BCE “MYCENAE RICH IN GOLD…” Jewellery Sword handle Death mask “Treasury of Atreus”
Dated c. 1300-1250 BCE Minoan Influences Minoan Jar Mycenaean Jar “MYCENAE RICH IN GOLD…” Jewellery Sword handle Death mask Artistic reconstruction of
the central room
Palace at Pylos A warrior culture Grave stele (grave circle A;
Mycenae) Warriors on the march (vase painting,
Mycenae) Wall painting depicting soldiers in
battle Minoan wall painting from Akrotiri (Thera),
c. 1600 BCE
depicting a Mycenaean invasion? Knife blade with lion hunt, grave circle A, Mycenae Consider:
• Values and ideology
• Legitimizing power and authority?
• Eastern influences? LINEAR B Deciphered in 1953 Adapted from Linear A Used for administrative records Early form of Greek Our questions
• When did Greek history begin?
• How much can archaeology tell us about the past? MYCENAEAN CIVILIZATION
• Settlements on the Peloponnese and in
Central Greece (cf. peer polity model)
• Fortified citadels plus hinterland
• Hierarchical society, monarchical rule
(wanax / anax)
• Centralization and bureaucracy
• Trade, piracy, war
• Art and architecture SOMETHING TO THINK ABOUT… Is this the society described by Homer?
Can (or: should) archaeology be used to “prove”
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