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dried * Edmond Locard
“Father of the Crime Lab”
In 1910, he started the 1stt crime lab in an attic of a police station.
With few tools, he quickly became known world-wide to forensic scientists &
criminal investigators & eventually founded the Institute of Criminalistics in France.
His most important contribution was the “Locard’s Exchange Principle”
Locard’s Exchange Principle
“Every Contact Leaves a Trace.” *
* He believed that every criminal can be connected to a crime by particles carried
from the crime scene.
from * When a criminal comes in contact with an object or person, a cross-transfer of
J. Edgar Hoover
“Father of the FBI” - Director of Federal Bureau of Investigation during the 1930’s
* * Hoover's leadership spanned 48 yrs & 8 presidential administrations. His reign
covered Prohibition, the Great Depression, WWII, the Korean War, the Cold War, &
the Vietnam War. * He organized a national laboratory to offer forensic services to all law enforcement
agencies in the U.S.
agencies * VERY CONTROVERSIAL
* He exceeded & abused his authority with unjustified investigations & illegal
wiretaps based on political beliefs rather than suspected criminal activity
* FBI directors are now limited to 10-year terms
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This document was uploaded on 03/13/2014 for the course SCIENCE Forensics at Beavercreek High School.
- Fall '13