In other words a variable is a space in the computers

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Unformatted text preview: ’s memory. A variable refers to a named memory location Value of a variable The information that is stored in that location is called the value of the variable. The most common way that a variable obtains a value is by means of an assignment. e.g. pay=4000; 33 33 Rules for Declaring Variables First character of a variable must be an alphabet or underscore. A variable begins with a letter or underscore (­) and may consist of letters or digits. The underscore may be used to improve the readability of the variable name. No Special character (like # ^* etc) are allowed in a variable name except underscore. There is no restriction on the length of a variable name. However , only the first 31 characters of variable are significant. Both upper and lowercase letters are allowed in naming variables. An uppercase letter is considered different from a lowercase letter Duplicate file names not allowed Blank spaces are not allowed in a variable name Key words/reserved words cannot be used as a variable name 34 34 Variable deceleration In C++, the variable must be declared first and it can be used then. variables are declared with the following format: datatype var1, var2,…; d a ta ty p e s in C ++ a re int, flo a t, c h a r e tc . int fo r inte g e r typ e va ria b le , flo a t fo r flo a ting p o int va ria b le a nd c h a r fo r c h a ra c te r typ e va ria b le 35 35 Memory location When a variable is used in a computer program, the computer When associates it with a particular memory location. In other words, a variable is a space in the computer’s memory In set aside for a certain kind of data and gives a name of reference set Void main() { int a; a=40 ---------...
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This document was uploaded on 03/16/2014.

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