Chapter 14 Outline_Questions.pdf - I The Compromise of 1850 A Zachary Taylor\u2019s Strategy 1 Taylor believed that New Mexico and California were not

Chapter 14 Outline_Questions.pdf - I The Compromise of 1850...

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I. The Compromise of 1850 A. Zachary Taylor’s Strategy 1. Taylor believed that New Mexico and California were not suited for slavery 2. The plan let the new states decide if it was going to be a free or slave state 3. Southerners rejected Taylor’s plan since it would effectively ban slavery in the Mexican cession 4. 1850 -- Calhoun hated the thought of adding more free states, 9 southern states agreed to send delegations to a southern convention that was scheduled to meet in Nashville B. Henry Clay Proposes a Compromise 1. Clay proposed a set of compromises to challenge Taylor’s leadership -- few supporters of the compromise a) The admission of California as a free state b) The division of the remainder of the Mexican cession into 2 territories (New Mexico and Utah) without federal restrictions on slavery c) The settlement of the Texas-New Mexico boundary dispute on terms favorable to New Mexico d) An agreement that the federal government would assume the considerable public debt of Texas as an incentive for Texas e) The continuance of slavery in the District of Columbia but the abolition of the slave trade there, f) A more effective fugitive slave law 2. Calhoun repeated how he thought that the North’s growing power had created an imbalance between the sections, and only a decision by the north to treat the south as an equal could save the union 3. Taylor died on July 9th and his VP fillmore was his successor and supported clay’s compromises and made it into a series of separate bill to get each passed individually 4. Congress later passed each component of the compromise of 1850 C. Assessing the Compromise 1. President Fillmore saw the compromise as a final settlement of sectional divisions, but the compromise did not bridge the underlying differences 2. Congress had backed into the compromise of 1850 causing the majority of congressman opposed almost all of the specific bills that made up the compromise
3. Most Southerners voted against the admission of California and the abolition of the slave trade in the district of Columbia, the majority of northerners oppose the fugitive slave act and the organization of New Mexico/Utah w/o a direct congressional prohibition of slavery 4. The north won California as a free state, New Mexico/Utah as likely future free states, a favorable settlement of the Texas New Mexico boundary, which gave most of the disputed area to New Mexico, and the abolition of the slave trade in the district of Columbi D. Enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Act 1. Northern moderates accepted the fugitive slave act as the price of saving the union, but the law itself was unappealing to moderates/anti-slavery Northerners 2. The legalisation of these activities of slave-catchers on Northern soil, the law reminded Northerners that slavery was a national problem, not just a southern institution, will increase sectionalism 3. An anti slavery moitvated Boston mob broke into a courthouse and killed a guard in an effort to rescue the fugitive slave Anthony burns a)

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