Chapter 1 Outline.pdf - I II The First Americans(13,000-2500 B.C A Peopling New Worlds 1 2 main theories of the arrival of people on the americas a

Chapter 1 Outline.pdf - I II The First...

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I. The First Americans (13,000-2500 B.C.) A. Peopling New Worlds 1. 2 main theories of the arrival of people on the americas a) Siberian hunters crossed the expanse of land linking Asia with North America during the last Ice Age (10,500 B.C.) - discovered hunter’s paradise of megafauna (large animals) b) First humans arrived on boat following the before continuous coast to Alaska and progressed southward --- throughout travel groups settled nearby or traveled inland to establish new homes. 2. Most archaeologists and scientists believe it was a mix of both these routes 3. Native Americans descended from early immigrants, some came later from northeastern Asia a) Athapaskan speakers settled in Alaska and NW Canada (7000 B.C.) -- some later migrated SW to for Apaches and Navajos 4. Paleo-Indians (earliest Americans) - traveled in large groups 15-50 people, men hunted, women cared for children and food. 5. (9000 B.C.) - many species of megafauna like mammoths became extinct B. Archaic Societies 1. (8000 B.C.) Americans began to modify their way of life from the Paleo Indians a) Climate increased, sea levels risen, forests grew, started the immense range of flora and fauna that we are familiar today 2. Demographic roles changed - Men took fishing and hunting, women collected wild plant products.

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