Chapter 3 Outline.pdf - I The New England Way A A City upon a Hill 1625-1642 1 After Charles 1 became England\u2019s king Anglican authorities undertook a

Chapter 3 Outline.pdf - I The New England Way A A City upon...

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I. The New England Way A. A City upon a Hill, 1625-1642 1. After Charles 1 became England’s king, Anglican authorities undertook a systemic campaign to eliminate puritan influence within the church of England a) Bishops insisted services be conducted by the book of common prayer, similar to catholic 2. Puritans organizing as the Massachusetts Bay company colonized Salem Massachusetts which would be a Puritan dominated self governing colony rather than controlled by England or stock holders a) Believed in reform not separation from the church 3. Winthrop and fellow immigrants reached boston and by fall 6 towns sprung up nearby - wanted to create a place governed by God’s will which would shame England into reforming the Church of England 4. These immigrants in New England established a healthier and more stable colony than in Virginia encouraging 15 thousands colonists to settle B. The Pequot War, 1637 1. Little resistance from Natives during colonization of New England because they were dissipated by disease a) Many Natives were forced to sell their land to the England due to the great loss of their population b) Massachusetts bay passed laws to prohibit them from practicing their religion and missionaries tried to convert them 2. 1633-Colonization more inland of the Americas by the British caused violent tension between Pequot Indians who controlled the fur trade with New Netherlands a) By late 1637 the Pequot resistance was crushed with the survivors taken as captives or slaves and their land was awarded to colonists of Connecticut and the other new Puritan colony, New Haven. C. Dissent and Orthodoxy, 1630-1650 1. Theological differences between the people of New England undermined the view Winthrop had, so they defined a set of orthoddox practices “the new england eway: --- Other Puritans resisted the change 2. To establish an orthodoxy the Puritans believed they had to educate kids in literature so they can be familiar with the bible. a) Harvard was the first college sso that ministers could be properly educated 3. Puritans believed the church must be free of state control which was opposed by Winthrop and other Massachusetts bay leaders who believed
there should be cooperation between the two. -- so churches were used for town functions as well 4. Roger Williams believed the state would corrupt the church and they should be no civil government interference with the church a) Colony’s officials banished him and declared his opinions subversive b) He later bought land from the Indians and formed the Rhode Island colony which was true to his ideals and practiced religious toleration 5. Hutchinson undermined the Clergy’s authority and caused Massachusetts Bay into two camps - believed that individuals could only look inward and ignore such false prophets could they hope to find salvation a) (antinomians)Hutchinson's supporters which included Boston merchants who disliked the government's economic restrictions on them, women tired of sexist injustice, and young men escaping church elders b)

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