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Midterm 1 Study Guide

Motivating potential score a predictive index that

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Unformatted text preview: made autocratically by an individual manager or collectively in groups. Organizational Constraints • • • • • • Performance evaluations Reward systems Formal regulations System- Imposed Time Constraints Historical Precedents Ethics in Decision Making- 3 Ethical Decision Criteria Utilitarianism- a system in which decisions are made to provide the greatest good for the greatest number. • Make decisions consistent with fundamental liberties and privileges. This criterion protects whistle- blowers, who are individuals who report unethical practices by their employer to outsiders. • Impose and enforce rules fairly and impartially to ensure justice. Improving Creativity in Decision Making • • • Creativity- the ability to produce novel and useful ideas; the rational decision maker needs this. Most people have creative potential but they just have to unleash it. Three Component Model of Creativity- the proposition that individual creativity requires expertise, creative thinking skills, and intrinsic task motivation. Ch. 7 Motivation Concepts Motivation- the processes that account for an individual’s intensity, direction, and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal. Intensity describes how hard a person tries. The effort must be challenged in a direction that benefits the organization. Motivation has a persistence dimension and this is how long a person can maintain effort. Theories of Motivation • • • • Hierarchy of Needs Theory- Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of five needs- physiological, safety, social, esteem, and self- actualization- in which, as each need is substantially satisfied, the next need becomes dominant. o Physiological- includes...
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