A many of the animals that became extinct were quite

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Unformatted text preview: ctedly (C) previously (D) certainly 22. The word "components" in line 2 is closest in meaning to (A) parts (B) problems (C) changes (D) varieties 第 14 页 共 20 页 23. Which of the following is mentioned as supporting the Pleistocene overkill hypothesis? (A) Many of the animals that became extinct were quite large. (B) Humans migrated into certain regions around the time that major extinctions occurred. (C) There is evidence that new species were arriving in areas inhabited by humans. (D) Humans began to keep and care for certain animals. 24. The word "Besides" in line 13 is closest in meaning to (A) caused by (B) whereas (C) in addition to (D) in favor of 25. The author mentions saber-toothed cats in line 16 as an example of a carnivore that (A) became extinct before the Pleistocene epoch (B) was unusually large for its time (C) was not able to compete with humans (D) caused the extinction of several species 26. The word "they" in line 20 refers to (A) human hunters (B) game animals (C) other predators (D) large mammals 27. According to the passage, what is one difference between the hunting done by some humans and the hunting done by gray wolves? (A) Some humans hunt more frequently than gray wolves. (B) Gray wolves hunt in larger groups than some humans. (C) Some humans can hunt larger animals than gray wolves can hunt. (D) Some humans prey on animals of all ages, but gray wolves concentrate their efforts on young animals. 28. The word "favored" in line 24 is closest in meaning to (A) large (B) escaping (C) preferred (D) local 29. According to the passage, the imbalances discussed in paragraph 3 may have resulted from (A) the effect of climate changes on large game animals (B) large animals moving into a new environment (C) humans hunting some species more than others (D) older animals not being able to compete with younger animals 第 15 页 共 20 页 Questions 30-39 Line (5) (10) (15) (20) (25) Tulips are Old World, rather than New World, plants, with the origins of the species lying in Central Asia. They became an integral part of the gardens of the Ottoman Empire from the sixteenth century onward, and, soon after, part of European life as well. Holland, in particular, became famous for its cultivation of the flower. A tenuous line marked the advance of the tulip to the New World, where it was unknown in the wild. The first Dutch colonies in North America had been established in New Netherland by the Dutch West India Company in 1624, and one individual who settled in New Amsterdam (today's Manhattan section of New York City) in 1642 described the flowers that bravely colonized the settlers' gardens. They were the same flowers seen in Dutch still-life paintings of the time: crown imperials, roses, carnations, and of course tulips. They flourished in Pennsylvania too, where in 1698 William Penn received a report of John Tateham's "Great and Stately Palace," its garden full of tulips. By 1760, Boston newspapers were advertising 50 different kinds of mixed tulip "roots." But the length of the journey between Europe and North America created many difficulties. Thomas Hancock, an English settler, wrote thanking his plant supplier for a gift of some tulip bulbs from England, but his letter the following year grumbled that they were all dead. Tulips arrived in Holland, Michigan, with a later wave of early nineteenth-century Dutch immigrants who quickly colonized the plains of Michigan. Together with many other Dutch settlements, such as the one at Pella. Iowa, they established a regular demand for European plants. The demand was bravely met by a new kind of tulip entrepreneur, the traveling salesperson. One Dutchman...
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This document was uploaded on 03/17/2014.

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