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Chapter+7+handout - Chapter 7 The Structure and Motion of...

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1 Chapter 7 The Structure and Motion of the Atmosphere Energy from the sun • The amount of solar radiation hitting the Earth varies with latitude – Rays perpendicular to surface => more – Rays oblique to surface => less Heat Budget
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2 Radiation Balance with Latitude NOAA Meteorological Satel ite Laboratory Solar Radiation Ocean Temperature Ranges
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3 Composition of the atmosphere Carbon dioxide distribution Most of the carbon dioxide on Earth is in the oceans The oceans buffer the increase of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
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4 Atmosphere carbon dioxide concentration is increasing Upper atmosphere ozone concentration is decreasing - the ozone hole
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5 Density of air • Controlled by three variables –T – Amount of water vapor – Elevation above sea level Wind movement in high and low pressure areas High pressure Low pressure Surface of Earth What is an isobar?
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6 Winds on a nonrotating Earth Heating => rising air Cooling => sinking air
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7 Coriolis Effect As wind or water moves
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Chapter+7+handout - Chapter 7 The Structure and Motion of...

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