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Unformatted text preview: ganic No Carbon Carbonbased Small Large Simple Complex Ionic bonds Covalent bonds 65 Water Water 66 Dehydration Synthesis 67 Hydrolysis Hydrolysis 68 Solute Solvent Solution 69 Hydrophilic Hydrophilic Hydrophobic Polar covalent covalent Nonpolar covalent Watersoluble Waterinsoluble 70 71 Properties Properties of Water Water High Heat Capacity High Heat of Vaporization How do they benefit the human body? 72 Cohesion Cohesion 73 How? Surface Surface Tension How? 74 Solution Solution Mixtures Suspension Colloid 75 76 77 78 anions cations both 79 pH pH 80 Acidic Acidic [H+] > [OH–] Neutral [H+] = [OH–] 0 7 Basic [H+] < [OH–] 14 81 82 83 Buffering Buffering Systems 84 Carbonic acid-Bicarbonate acidbuffer system Carbonic Carbonic Acid H+ H2CO3 Bicarbonate ion + OH HCO385 Chapter Chapter 2 The The Chemical Level of Organization Part 2: Organic Chemistry Chemistry BIOL 121: A&P I Rob Swatski Assistant Professor of Biology HACCHACC-York 86 87 Properties of Carbon-Based Molecules CarbonBonds with variety of elements Many covalent bonds More insoluble More in water Diverse sizes & shapes Organic molecules Monomers Macromolecules 88 89 Functional Functional Groups Estradiol Testosterone 90 91 Carbon Carbon Molecules 92 Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates: Functions Energy Synthesis Storage 93 Structure Structure Size C, H, O Simple: glucose glucose C-H2O Complex: starch 94 3 Major Groups of Major Carbohydrates Monosaccharides Disaccharides Polysaccharides 95 Monosaccharides Monosaccharides C6H12O6 96 Disaccharides Disaccharides 97 Lactose Lactose Intolerance 98 Polysaccharides Polysaccharides largest carb 100’s of mono’s glycogen 99 Lipids Lipids – General Characteristics C, H, O hydrophobic few polar covalent bonds insoluble insoluble in water glycerol & 1-3 fatty acids fats & oils 100 Lipid Lipid Structure 101 Triglyceride Triglyceride Structure 102 Functions Functions of Triglycerides Protection Insulation Energy source source short- or long-term 103 104 Phospholipids Phospholipids Cell structure & function Plasma membrane Amphipathic 105 Phospholipid Structure Head Head Tails Polar Nonpolar Hydrophilic Hydrophobic Glycerol & phosphate 2 Fatty acids 106 107 108 Steroids Steroids 109 110 Proteins Proteins C, H, O, N Diverse shapes & sizes Amino acids 111 Functions Functions of Proteins Chemical & Structure & Regulate Muscle organelle protection metabolism c...
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This document was uploaded on 03/18/2014 for the course BIOL 121 at Harrisburg Area Community College.

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