ENGL 275 Final

Hawthorne continues fullers belief that one must be

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Unformatted text preview: hen describing a foreign location and asserts that he is not trying to paint a picture of Italian manners and characters because “He has lived too long abroad, not to be aware that a foreigner seldom acquires that knowledge of a country, at once flexible and profound, which may justify him in endeavouring to idealize its traits” (4). The artist ­lives of his characters emphasize how art provides liberty to women while the Gothic nature of Rome alludes to the terror and unconscious aspects of their artistic ventures. Threatening spaces, such as the catacombs in which Miriam finds her muse, are found throughout the city of Rome, which is constructed as a Gothicized space in the text. The Marble Faun highlights “innocence and experience against a backdrop of cultural confrontation” through the artistic and personal development of four central characters (xi). He makes the literary decision to portray Italy through the lens of four artists because the Gothic nature of Rome alludes to the terror and unconscious aspects of their artistic ventures. Miriam describes, “We artists purposely exclude sunshine, and all but a partial light, because we think it necessary to put ourselves at odds with Nature, before trying to imitate her” (33). This contrast leads to personal transformation, particularly in the cases of Hilda and Miriam, as art provides liberty to women in this text. Because Hawthorne’s characters are more so allegorical figures, they are one ­dimensional and often described as ethereal; the lines between art and person are often blurred. His allegories are fluid, as he is interested in the ambiguities to subjection and the problem of interpretation. Hawthorne continues Fuller’s belief that one must be fully present within a location in order to appreciate art, and his optimistic view of the capacity for humans to change, particularly as a J e s t e r | 7 result of living abroad, brings out the positive aspects of cosmopolitanism. With this travel narrative, students can gain a deeper appreciation of the history and artistic prominence of Italy. 5. “Introduction” to Unfolding the South: 19th Century British Women Writers & Artists in Italy —Alison Chapman & Jane Stabler “Italy is, then, not only a real and imaginative place of sensuality and fulfillment. Interwoven with pleasure and jouissance are also tales of loss and abandonment.” (Chapman and Stabler, 8) Chapman and Stabler’s analysis gives students further insight into the experiences of nineteenth ­ century Anglophone writers and artists living in Italy. They describe the work of Fulle...
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