ENGL 275 Final

The depiction of italy during wartime both surfaced

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Unformatted text preview: tural connections becomes increasingly apparent. Furthermore, the theme of English motherhood is symbolically seen in the behavior of Luca’s guardians, to whom passion is attributed more so than the Italians. Young Luca, the protagonist of this tale, is a born Italian but is raised in Florence by a circle of expatriate J e s t e r | 5 English women with the financial help of an American, Elsa. Much unlike other texts about Italy, three distinct nationalities are presented in contrast to one another. With his mixed national identity, he forges a bond between these nationalities. Lady Hester, the archetypal Englishwoman, frequently and sarcastically comments on the contrasts between the differing cultures. She affirms the notion of European imperialism when she argues, “Why shouldn’t Mussolini have an empire? All the best people in Europe have empires.” With subtle digs such as, “It’s amazing how they can even vulgarize ice cream,” Hester does not keep secret her disdain for Americans. Regarding the war, she critiques, “That’s typically American, keep out of trouble and tell other people to keep their heads up.” However, despite their differences, she and the other characters ultimately transcend their nationalistic boundaries when they must unite during wartime for the sake of Luca. The depiction of Italy during wartime both surfaced the negative aspects of amplified nationalism and revealed the benefits of cosmopolitanism. The juxtaposition of multiple cultures presented by Tea with Mussolini provides students with a relevant opportunity to question notions of nationalism. 4. The Marble Faun – Nathanial Hawthorne “[Rome] is a vague sense of ponderous remembrances; a perception of such weight and density in a by ­gone life, of which this spot was the centre, that the present moment is pressed down or crowded out, and our individual affairs and interests are but half as real here as elsewhere…Viewed through this medium, our narrative—into which are woven some airy and unsubstantial threads, intermixed with others, twisted out of the commonest stuff of human existence—may seem not widely different from the texture of all our lives.” (Hawthorne, 8) Hawthorne chooses Italy as the setting for his novel because “Romance and poetry, like ivy, lichens, and wall ­flowers, need Ruin to make them grow” (4). Therefore, he utilizes the strong J e s t e r | 6 historic and spiritual presence of Rome to enhance his allegorical struggle between “the stasis of Art and the developmental narrative of the Fall of Man” (xi). Like Fuller, he recognizes the caution writers must use w...
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