Alternative Models of Intelligence Notes

Alternative Models of Intelligence Notes - Review...

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Review: Psychometric Theories of Intelligence Broadly similar abilities Knowledge, Reasoning, Visuo-spatial skills, Memory, Speed, Sensory modalities Do they really test all facets of intelligence and ability Because these abilities are empirically derived you can only get what you put in Alternative Conceptualizations of Intelligence Educators noticed that other skills that people were displaying that could be con- sidered part of intelligence that were't being identified by intelligence theories Howard Gardner's "Multiple Intelligences" Sternberg's triarchic theory / componential theory / successful intelligence theory Facetted theories of intelligence Guilford's "Structure of the intellect" The Berlin Intelligence Structure and the IST (Intelligence Structure Test) Howard Gardner's Multiple Intelligences 7 distinct intelligences (1983) Each intelligence is distinct and different from the other intelligences Don't need to settle on a specific number of intelligence but if a particular skill or ability meets the criteria they can be included Added 2 more intelligences later (1996) Not widely accepted by most academics Garder's Multiple Intelligences 1. Linguistic - language skills 2. Logico-mathematic - numerical skills 3. Spatial - understanding relationships in space 4. Musical - skills such as playing a musical instrument 5. Bodily kinaesthetic - using the body 6. Inter-personal - understanding and relating to others 7. Intra-personal - understanding oneself 8. Naturalist - ability to interact with nature (e.g., talent in biology, ornithology, meteorology) 9. Existentialist - "spiritual intelligence", or the ability to understand one's place within the grand scheme of things Garder's Eight 'Criteria' for Intelligence Potential isolation by brain damage If some skill disappears when part of the brain is damaged and other abilit- ies are not affected, it can be thought of as a form of intelligence Skills demonstrated by savants, prodigies, etc.
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  • Spring '13
  • JulieAlvarez
  • Intelligence quotient, Creative Intelligence, Theory of multiple intelligences, Robert Sternberg, Psychometric Theories of Intelligence

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