Application of Personality and Intelligence

Application of Personality and Intelligence - Some Common...

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Some Common Applications of Intelligence and Personality Tests 1. Selection Educational opportunities Academic selection Job selection and promotion Graduate recruitment Verbal, non-verbal, figural reasoning tested Other organizations (e.g., MENSA) MENSA - high IQ society Need a particular score on a standardized intelligence test (132+) 2. Diagnosis Learning disabilities E.g., dyslexia, dyspraxia Intellectual disability Important for forensic application Mental health problems Used after head injuries to diagnose problems 3. Counseling In conjunction with interest inventory tests Educational decisions Career counseling Steer people toward jobs that suit their abilities 4. Policy Educational policies Workplace policies Use a test to find out people in the workplace have high levels of neuroticism Bring in stress managements policies Policies on mental illness Particularly for diagnosis, tests results need to be considered in conjunction with other factors Virtually impossible to make a definitive statement about someone based on test scores Example: Diagnosis in Education Context Bill had always achieved reasonable results in high school, but began to struggle with his university degree. One of Bill's lecturers suggested that he had some tests to see if he had a learning disability The results of a battery of intelligence and achievements tests suggested that Bill may have dyslexia. Interest testing was then conducted to help him formulate some alternative plans. Bill decided to change his degree that involved more mathematics and technical competencies, and a lower reading score How is the diagnosis made?
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