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The cost of green gas production via supercritical

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Unformatted text preview: as stand-alone “Green Gas” production via biomass gasification with downstream methanation will become economic feasible processes in the Netherlands, when the produced energy carriers receive the same tax exemptions as currently are given to green electricity. The cost of “Green Gas” production via supercritical water gasification processes should still be determined. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Financial supports from the Dutch organisation for energy and the environment (Novem), and the Dutch Gasunie Trade & Supply (GU T&S) are gratefully acknowledged. REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. 4. Ministerie van Economische Zaken: Derde energienota. Den Haag, 1995. Ministerie van Economische Zaken: Duurzame energie in opmars, actieprogramma 1997-2000. Den Haag, 1997. Ministerie van Economische Zaken: Biomassa: de groene motor in transitie; stand van zaken na de tweede etappe. Den Haag, December 2003. Commission of the European Communities: Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the Economic and Social ECN-RX--04-085 16 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. Committee and the Committee of the Regions on alternative fuels for road transportation and on a set of measures to promote the use of biofuels. COM (2001) 547 final, Brussels, November 2001. Market development of alternative fuels. Report of the European Commission’s alternative fuels Contact Group, December 2003. Hendriksen, P., R.J. Vermeulen, R.C. Rijkeboer, D. Bremmers, R.T.M. Smokers, R.G. Winkel: Evaluation of the environmental impact of modern passenger car on petrol, diesel, automotive LPG and CNG, TNO report: 03.OR.VM.055.1/PHE, December 2003. Hagen, M., Polman, E., Myken, A., Jensen, J., Jönsson, O., Dahl, A.: Adding gas from biomass to the gas grid. Contract No: XVII/4.1030/Z/99-412, Final report, February 2001. Siemons, R.V.: Biogas voor bijmenging in het aardgasnet, rapport aan het Team Nieuw Gas. In “Wegen naar nieuw gas: de eerste stap is een daalder waard”, transitiepaden naar een duurza...
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