Thursday, February 21, 2013ImperialismHow did Europeans go about dominating the world, and how did they maintain and justify that power?I.HistoriographyA.The process by which one state with superior military strength and technology imposes itself on a less developed region1.Focus 1880-1914 - modern imperial projectB.J.R Seeley and Imperialism Experienced 1.Seeley was an english historian who lived through the british imperial perioda)Need to tell national histories through imperial ones b)So narratives are tied into histories of colonies (1)Tied to development and progress in the homeland C.Postcolonial History1.Written by the colonized after the formal colonial experience was over2.Chart the power dynamic of the historic empires as well as the lingerings of those dy-namics post formal independence a)Reject the european vision of their history as inauthenticb)Point to categories like development as a form of western impositionc)Modes of controlling and devaluing present peoples D.the “new Imperial History”1.Tries to utilize local knowledges in order to re-assess the power relationsa)Inter disciplinary b)Does not reject european knowledge thoughc)Interested in the colonizers and the colonized d)Rethink empire from the point of view of different people operating through the same system and their diverging strategies in coping with that system II.Older colonial ModelsA. Christianization1.Impulse to christianize in the new world 2.Spain had already reached south america3.16th and 17th centuries english and french reached north america4.all carried out the christian missing in different ways5.spain a)papal bull christianizing everything b)either submit or notc)clergy aggressively tried to christianize the population and justify spanish domin-ationd)More treaty based 6.frencha)sent missionaries like the jesuits 7.english
a)more interested in making a christian nation for themselves than converting peopleb)their own spiritual developmentB. Settlement1.Spain built an empire of conquest vs english/french a)Black legend - english (1)france and england built settlement colonies in contrast(2)acquired and defined their rights of possessions by cultivating what they took to be empty land and improvement of it so not conquest like spain!
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- Spring '08
- European History, British imperial period, new Imperial History