lecture 12 - ethics

Treatment treatment of participants informed consent

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Unformatted text preview: f: • Asking for consent of any kind will ruin ruin the study (e.g., covert observation) • The study involves “everyday risks” or is based on things they already experience (e.g., educational situations) – this varies by institution though! Treatment Treatment of Participants Informed Consent • Children’s/minors’ guardians must give the informed consent consent AND • The children must assent to participate – their participation must be explained to them so they can understand it Treatment Treatment of Participants Debriefing • After the study, most IRBs require that the study be fully explained explained to the Ps • Often necessary if the study had potential to cause some harm or discomfort (emotional or physical) Treatment Treatment of Participants Debriefing Debriefing • Some IRBs now require that the experience be “educational” and truly “involve” the Ps in understanding understanding the research both specifically and in general Treatment Treatment of Participants Coercion Coercion • Ps cannot be made to participate (or to continue if they they opt to quit) or threatened in any way • Ps must be compensated fairly for participating Treatment Treatment of Participants Coercion Coercion • However, the compensation cannot be so great that one would would be compelled to participate (e.g., $1,000,000 to be in a study) Treatment Treatment of Participants Declining Declining to Participate • Ps must have the choice to participate or not • Ps must be allowed to drop out freely if they wish Treatment Treatment of Participants Confidentiality Confidentiality • Ps must be assured their responses will be kept confidential and anonymous • Particularly important in psychology (clinical situations, sexual history, opinions, etc.) – results also might be affected if they did not think they would be confidential Treatment Treatment of Participants Confidentiality • Often must assure IRBs that info will be kept confidential and and locked up • Often must promise not to share confidential info and explain when it will be destroyed Treatment Treatment of Participants Deception • Any time the P is not fully informed o...
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This document was uploaded on 03/20/2014 for the course PSY 3401 at Texas Tech.

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