Unformatted text preview: d Trade Center and Pentagon attacks were driven by
political goals, namely, the elimination of the U.S. presence in the Middle East.
Additionally, the perpetrators clandestinely attacked noncombatants in order to
create an extremely fearful state of mind in an audience different than the victims
(i.e., the capitalist/Western world). Those attacks would meet the above definition
of terrorism. However, observers will be more or less likely to consider the September 11 acts as terrorism depending on the perspective they use to frame those
acts. The use of a legal or moral model may obscure important variables that influence the development of terrorist groups and terrorist actions. These two perspectives will also minimize the fact that different people have different laws and 14 Ruby morality. The taking of such perspectives may lead to a limited understanding of
the attacks and and increased focus on the observer’s biases rather than on the acts
themselves. With a behavioral model in use, these terrorist acts can been more
clearly seen for what they are. However, the use of the behavioral perspective may
also dictate that governments reassess whether or not other acts of political violence they have condoned and are condoning also meet this definition, regardless
of how moral or legal they may be.
Jones, F., & Fong, Y. (1994). Military psychiatry and terrorism. In Department of the Army, Textbook
of military medicine (pp. 264–269). Washington, D.C.: Department of the Army.
Kaplan, A. (1981). The psychodynamics of terrorism. In Y. Alexander & J. Gleason (Eds.), Behavioral
and quantitative perspectives on terrorism (pp. 35–50). New York: Pergamon.
Oots, K. (1990). Bargaining with terrorists: Organizational considerations. Terrorism, 13, 145–158.
Taylor, M. (1988). The terrorist. London: Brassey’s Defence.
U.S. Department of Justice. (2000). Homicide trends in the U.S. [On-line]. Available: http://www.ojp.
U.S. Department of State. (2000). Patterns of global terrorism, 2000 [On-line]. Available: http://www.
U.S. Department of Transportation. (2001). 2000 Annual Assessment—Motor Vehicle Traffic Crash
Fatality and Injury Estimates for 2000 [On-line]. Available: http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/
people/ncsa/Reports/Assess2K.pdf CHARLES L. RUBY received his PhD from Florida State University in 1995. He
is a retired Air Force lieutenant colonel who worked 16 years in criminal and
counterintelligence matters and spent the last 4 years of his military career as an
investigative psychologist. He is currently in private practice as a clinical and
forensic psychologist in southern Maryland....
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This document was uploaded on 03/20/2014 for the course SOCIAL SCI 020 at UWO.
- Fall '13
- The Land