What is terrorism

S presence in the middle east additionally the

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Unformatted text preview: d Trade Center and Pentagon attacks were driven by political goals, namely, the elimination of the U.S. presence in the Middle East. Additionally, the perpetrators clandestinely attacked noncombatants in order to create an extremely fearful state of mind in an audience different than the victims (i.e., the capitalist/Western world). Those attacks would meet the above definition of terrorism. However, observers will be more or less likely to consider the September 11 acts as terrorism depending on the perspective they use to frame those acts. The use of a legal or moral model may obscure important variables that influence the development of terrorist groups and terrorist actions. These two perspectives will also minimize the fact that different people have different laws and 14 Ruby morality. The taking of such perspectives may lead to a limited understanding of the attacks and and increased focus on the observer’s biases rather than on the acts themselves. With a behavioral model in use, these terrorist acts can been more clearly seen for what they are. However, the use of the behavioral perspective may also dictate that governments reassess whether or not other acts of political violence they have condoned and are condoning also meet this definition, regardless of how moral or legal they may be. References Jones, F., & Fong, Y. (1994). Military psychiatry and terrorism. In Department of the Army, Textbook of military medicine (pp. 264–269). Washington, D.C.: Department of the Army. Kaplan, A. (1981). The psychodynamics of terrorism. In Y. Alexander & J. Gleason (Eds.), Behavioral and quantitative perspectives on terrorism (pp. 35–50). New York: Pergamon. Oots, K. (1990). Bargaining with terrorists: Organizational considerations. Terrorism, 13, 145–158. Taylor, M. (1988). The terrorist. London: Brassey’s Defence. U.S. Department of Justice. (2000). Homicide trends in the U.S. [On-line]. Available: http://www.ojp. usdoj.gov/bjs/homicide/tables/totalstab.htm U.S. Department of State. (2000). Patterns of global terrorism, 2000 [On-line]. Available: http://www. governmentguide.com/govsite.adp?bread=*Main&url=http%3A//www.governmentguide.com /ams/clickThruRedirect.adp%3F55076483%2C16920155%2Chttp%3A//www.state.gov U.S. Department of Transportation. (2001). 2000 Annual Assessment—Motor Vehicle Traffic Crash Fatality and Injury Estimates for 2000 [On-line]. Available: http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/ people/ncsa/Reports/Assess2K.pdf CHARLES L. RUBY received his PhD from Florida State University in 1995. He is a retired Air Force lieutenant colonel who worked 16 years in criminal and counterintelligence matters and spent the last 4 years of his military career as an investigative psychologist. He is currently in private practice as a clinical and forensic psychologist in southern Maryland....
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This document was uploaded on 03/20/2014 for the course SOCIAL SCI 020 at UWO.

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