Unformatted text preview: ethylene glyco l and glycerol. Examples: Blood sugar is a polyhydroxy co mpound with 5 alcohol groups. Identify each as primary, secondary or tertiary. 1 Chemistry 52 Chapter 22 NAMING OF ALCOHOLS
· The IUPAC system for naming alcohols is the fo llowing: 1. Select the longest continuous chain of carbon atoms containing the hydroxyl group. 2. Number the carbon atoms in the chain so that the one bearing the hydroxyl group has the lowest possible number. 3. Name the parent chain as an alkane, with the end changing fro m –e to –ol 4. Name the alkyl side chains and designate their posit io n by number. OH 4 3 2 1 CH3CH2CHCH2OH CH3 H3 C CH CH3 2propanol
2propanol 1butanol H3 C CH CH2 CH2 OH 3methyl1butanol Examples: Name each alcoho l shown below: 1) CH3CH2CH2CHCH2CH3 | CH2OH 2) 3) 4) HO CH3CH2CHCH2CHCH3 | |...
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