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Unformatted text preview: iagrams the nonterminal carbon atoms are displayed as jo ints and the non terminal hydrogens are deleted. CH3CH2OH H C 3 OH · Many organic co mpounds contain carbon bonded to 4 other atoms through single bonds.
· The VSEPR theory predicts that these mo lecules should have a tetrahedral geometry with bond angles of 109.5°. 3 Chemistry 52 Chapter 19 Examples: 1. Draw condensed structural formulas and determine mo lecular formula for each of the fo llo wing st ick structures: a) O H 3C b) CH 3 H C 3 OH H C 3 2. Draw stick structures and determine mo lecular formulas for each of the fo llowing condensed structures: a) CH3CH2CHCH2CH3
| CH3 b) Cl
| CH3 4 Chemistry 52 Chapter 19 FUNCTIONAL GROUPS
· Organic co mpounds are classified by co mmo n unit s called functional groups. Functional groups undergosimilar chemical react ions. The simplest funct ional group is the alkyl group.
¾ CH3 = R
· Some of the other important funct ional groups include: Name Structure Example Alkene Alkyne Alcoho l CH3CH2OH Amine CH3CH2NH2 Ether CH3O...
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