Unformatted text preview: of 3 types:
· Primary (1°) carbons are those that are attached to only one other carbon atom.
· Secondary (2°) carbons are those that are attached to two other carbon atoms.
· Tertiary (3°) carbons are those that are attached to three other carbon atoms. Examples: 1. Ident ify the primary, secondary and tertiary carbon atoms in the skeleton structure shown below: · Hydrogens in an alkane can be similarly classified as primary, secondary or tertiary.
· Primary (1°) hydrogens are those bonded to a primary carbon. Secondary (2°) hydrogens are those bonded to a secondary carbon. Tertiary (3°) hydrogens are bonded to a tertiary carbon. Examples: 2. Draw all hydrogens missing in the skeleton structure above and classify as primary, secondary or tertiary. 10 Chemistry 52 Chapter 19 NAMING ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
· Many organic co mpounds have commo n names that are used because o f convenience and lo ng usage. The majorit y of organic compounds however, are named systemat ically by the IUPAC system.
· In order to name compounds by the IUPAC...
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