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Unformatted text preview: CH3 Acid CH3CO2H Amide CH3CONH2 Ester CH3COOCH3 Aldehyde CH3CHO Ketone CH3COCH3 5 Chemistry 52 Chapter 19 Examples: Ident ify the funct ional groups in each of the fo llowing famous mo lecules: Vitamin C Aspirin Tylenol Advil Aleve Tyrosine 6 Chemistry 52 Chapter 19 HYDROCARBONS
· Hydrocarbons are organic co mpounds co mposed of only carbon and hydrogen. Hydrocarbons are further broken down into several groups: HYDROCARBONS ALKANES ALKENES ALKYNES Contain carboncarbon single bonds Contain carbon carbon double bonds Contain carboncarbon triple bonds Ethane Ethene (Ethylene) Ethyne (Acetylene) · Saturated hydrocarbons are those that contain only carboncarbon single bonds. Ethane is an example of a saturated hydrocarbon.
· Unsaturated hydrocarbons are those that contain carboncarbon double and triple bonds. Ethylene and acet ylene are examples o f unsaturated hydrocarbons. 7 Chemistry 52 Chapter 19 ALKANES
· Alkanes are hydrocarbons that contain only carboncarbon single bond (saturated).
· Alkanes have the general mo lecular formula CnH2...
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