Chinese Philosophy Exam 1 Solutions - Chinese Philosophy Exam 1 Solutions 1 Chinese philosophy and Confucianism specifically is a backward facing system

Chinese Philosophy Exam 1 Solutions - Chinese Philosophy...

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Chinese Philosophy Exam 1 Solutions 1. Chinese philosophy, and Confucianism specifically is a backward facing system, trying to achieve the former glory of the Zhou dynasty. In Plato’s analogy of the cave we are attempting to transcend the reality that we are in, to see the true world of the forms. Through this transcendence, we are able to see a world that we could not have seen before. Quite contrary to this, Confucianism encourages man to revert back to the period of the Zhou dynasty, where li and ren were exemplified in the great rulers. Using the metaphor of the cave, Confucius would encourage people to go back into the cave or back into this idealized state, while Plato believes we must ascend the cave. Confucius viewed the sage as the rulers of the Zhou dynasty. In these rulers were the exemplified Confucian values of li-3 and ren-2. Even in the analects Confucius states that he “follows the Zhou.” It would be a stretch to say that Confucianism believes that society will progressively get worse, but perhaps it does imply that it will not get better if there is not a turn back to Zhou ideals. 2. Contrary to western notions, Daoism emphasizes “the one” as the source of all moral power, or at least the thing we must return to in order to become our true selves. So much importance is placed on this one that it is synonymous with de-2 or “the dao”. Contrary to more Platonic views that assert that each particular object has a perfect form, Daoism would stay away from these sorts of definitions and compartments. Taking the passage, “it operates everywhere and is free from danger. It may be considered the mother of the universe. I do not know its name. I call it Dao…” This may suggest that the Dao is a force that permeates the universe but is unknown. The Dao De Jing also states that the
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Dao “depends on nothing and does not change”. It is a fixed point to which things must return to. Spatially speaking, aspects of Daoism and Confucianism are enacted relationally. That is, they don’t exist inside anyone, similar to how Xunzi believes in ren but for different reasons. Because de is a relationally enacted virtue, the Chinese created locations in their gardens that made it possible for people to display these actions. These
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