Chapter_2_and_3_Notes_Fall_2011 - Page 1 Week 2 Chapter 2 and 3 The Thirteen English Colonies England John Cabot North America 1497 Elizabeth I

Chapter_2_and_3_Notes_Fall_2011 - Page 1 Week 2 Chapter 2...

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Page 1 Week 2 / Chapter 2 and 3 / The Thirteen English Colonies England John Cabot – North America – 1497 Elizabeth I – 1558 -1603 Sir Francis Drake – English privateer – circumnavigates the globes Sir Humphrey Gilbert Royal Patent for North America Sir Walter Raleigh Lost Colony English Colonization Why? Commercial and Religious Types: Joint Stock – business venture Proprietary – King grants land to supporter Royal – under King’s administration Virginia King James I 1603 – 25 Virginia Company 1606 Map p.61 Joint Stock Company Jamestown 1607 1 st permanent English settlement in Virginia Virginia Problems encountered at Jamestown Capt. John Smith / Pocahantas John Rolfe – tobacco 1619 – House of Burgesses Africans Headright system Indentured servants- basically the first slaves Virginia Company bankrupt - Royal colony 1624 Plantations Maryland 1632 proprietary colony Sir George Calvert - Refuge for Catholics
Sir Cecilius Lord Baltimore settles St. Mary’s Maryland Colony Mostly Protestants Toleration Act of 1649 – freedom of worship to Christians Tobacco, corn, livestock West Indies (English) Mid-1600s Leeward Islands, Barbados, and Jamaica Dutch influence on English - sugar cane, slave labor

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