Chapter_2_and_3_Notes_Fall_2011 - Page 1 Week 2 / Chapter 2...

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Page 1Week 2/Chapter 2 and 3/The Thirteen English ColoniesEnglandJohn Cabot – North America – 1497Elizabeth I – 1558 -1603Sir Francis Drake – English privateer – circumnavigates the globesSir Humphrey GilbertRoyal Patent for North AmericaSir Walter RaleighLost ColonyEnglish ColonizationWhy?Commercial and ReligiousTypes:Joint Stock – business ventureProprietary – King grants land to supporterRoyal – under King’s administrationVirginiaKing James I1603 – 25Virginia Company 1606Map p.61Joint Stock CompanyJamestown16071stpermanent English settlement in VirginiaVirginiaProblems encountered at JamestownCapt. John Smith / PocahantasJohn Rolfe – tobacco1619 – House of BurgessesAfricansHeadright systemIndentured servants- basically the first slavesVirginia Company bankrupt - Royal colony 1624PlantationsMaryland 1632proprietary colonySir George Calvert- Refuge for Catholics
Sir Cecilius Lord BaltimoresettlesSt. Mary’sMaryland ColonyMostly ProtestantsToleration Act of 1649 – freedom of worship to ChristiansTobacco, corn, livestockWest Indies (English) Mid-1600sLeeward Islands, Barbados, and JamaicaDutch influence on English - sugar cane, slave labor

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Term
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Tags
John Cabot, Sir Francis Drake, Elizabeth I, Thirteen Colonies, New Netherland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Proprietary colony

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