Chapter 7 The Federalist Republic 1789 - 1799 U. S. Constitution in Action 1. 1 st President a) George Washington – Virginia – unanimous b) John Adams – Massachusetts – Vice President c) New York City – first capital d) Washington creates the idea of a Cabinet i.Congress creates 3 departments a. War - Henry Knox b. State - Thomas Jefferson c. Treasury - Alexander Hamilton ii.Cabinet composed of heads of executive departments The First Congress 1. Bill of Rights e) anti-federalists had called for f) James Madison, author – could be considered father of the bill of rights g) 10 amendments to the Constitution i.9 individual rights – 1 st amendment ii. 10 th states’ rights 2. Judiciary Act of 1789 - Constitution vague a) sets up Supreme Court ( 1 chief & 5 justices) b) Federal district courts & US attorney general Hamilton’s Plan – Nation’s finances 1. Alexander Hamilton – Washington’s Secretary of Treasury 2. Plan for stabilizing US economy a) Funding of the national debt b) Assuming state debts – nation’s capital in South c) A tariff
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