Unformatted text preview: ited States can be countries include national animals, plants, figures, persons. For example the usage of animals historically attributed to the need of establishing the affiliation with the new country. The depends on their abundance in the country or the mythological qualities they may represent, country composed of immigrants had the need of self-expression. The emigrants who cut their with which often citizens or governments desire to affiliate with (symbols and celebrations, bonds, desired to establish new ones. The symbols and the rituals connected with them were iffousa.org) National symbols and the rituals connected with their display make the formation the way how to start to feel at home in new environment. Hastings and Wilson explain, of national identity easier and more explicit. According to Hastings and Wilson, In some cases the rituals of the powerful and the powerless link (state/newcomers) “The point here is that there are many symbols and rituals which transcend differences them together, in what each believes to be for common good. Such linkages certainly among people in a society, serving to integrate disparate classes, occupation, ethnic inspire many in a nation state, wherein the state attempts to build a nation out of groups, regions and religions. Other symbols and rituals serve other purposes, disparate cultures through its programs of political socialization, education and mass differentiating these same groups, thereby creating overlapping and competing arts and media (par Rabinowitz 1998). For example, there is a heady mix of symbols expectations of loyalty, compliance, assimilation and conformity. (Hastings, Wilson invoked when Americans ‘pledge allegiance to the flag of United States of America’ 67). hand over heart, eyes on the stars and stripes. Regardless of their meanings, this ritual Well known ritual connected with American national symbol: the flag is the reciting of The and its symbols function as alleviating and integrating device of the American ‘nation’ Pledge of Allegiance "I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to which is constructed as a civic entity and is not defined ethnically (Hastings, Wilson
67). 17 18 American citizens did not build their identity on the ethnic grounds but on the civic one, American national symbols are The Flag, The Great Seal, Liberty Bell, The Bald Eagle, 4th of which is certainly the reason of their strong patriotic feelings and the need for national July. symbols and their display. Hastings and Wilson put it this way: “The point here is that there
2.2 Predecessors of Uncle Sam
are many symbols […] which transcend differences among people in a society, serving to
integrate disparate classes, occupation, ethnic groups, regions and religions. Other symbols
and rituals serve other purposes, differentiating these same groups, thereby creating
overlapping and competing expectations of loyalty, compliance, assimilation and conformity” There were several symbolic figures representing emerging America, later United States. The
young country was searching for symbols to represent it right from the beginning. Most
significant are Pocahontas, Columbia, Yankee Doodle, and Brother Jonathan.
The authors of the Capitol Project give characterization of early symbols in America (Hastings and Wilson 65).
Thus the usage of symbols in the United States has its foundation in the history of
young nation and their culture as well. Besides the national symbols every state has its own
symbols. The symbols of United States represent all the good virtues. “The United States has
many symbols that represent freedom, courage, bravery, our country and independence on their web page dedicated to Uncle Sam. According to them, the early symbols of the
Americas were often naturalistic and/or animalistic. They were concepts rather than real
figures. They propose that this was because of the wild character of the new country and it’s
undiscovered lands. It was also, however, a land associated with the feminine characteristics
of the unknowable. The savage, wild person, was the first human icon of the New World, and (thinquest).
The usage of the national symbols in the United States became common and wide
spread after the Civil war. This was due to the need to display the affinity to the newly
reunited nation, on the side of Union. Michal Faber points out in his essay about patriotic was most often female. The Indian Princess, Pocahondas, specifically, was a popular signifier
of the New World. When the were more white people coming and the land was not unknown
as before, the Indian Princess begun to lose her sense of the al...
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