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Unformatted text preview: fected the use of groups are able to distinguish themselves from the others. symbols (Conkey and Rowntree 462). According to Lee-Hurwitz, there are two basic answers to question what the symbols The ones sense of belonging to a certain group is defined through the use of symbols. Or as are for: “One focuses on symbols as a way of making sense of the world, this is the answer Samuel P. Huntington mentions, people adopt and then redefine their personal identity in assumed in any discussion of symbols as creating a social reality. Symbols serve reflexively groups. (Huntington 33). Symbol usage is important element of this group identity formation. as a way of us to tell ourselves a story about ourselves. Symbols serve as storage containers Wendy Lee-Hurwitz argues that, “Displaying symbols is one way of announcing a particular (Lee-Hurwitz 34). Almost the same claim Conkey and Rowntree in their essay “Symbolism identity or affiliation with a particular group, whether that be a national, occupational, and the Cultural Landscape”, “It is well accepted that the storage or investment of meaning n corporate, religious or gender based” (Leeds-Hurwitz 34). This identity markedness can be symbolic forms is fundamental to human life” (Conkey and Rowntree 459). viewed from the other perspective, the outside perspective. “It is also a case that markers of People use symbols as way of conveying considerable amounts of information in a identity simultaneously serve a diverse function, indentifying who we are not, thus defining small space or a short time. “Through symbols, culture is shared, stored, and transmitted over group boundaries” (ibid). time” (Miller 15). Through symbol people create a social reality for themselves an overlay of The point here is that there are many symbols and rituals which transcend differences among meaning laid across the natural world. But symbols not only comprise the information about people in a society, serving to integrate disparate classes, occupation, ethnic groups, regions group’s identity, they help to form it and define its boundaries and exclude strangers. and religions. Other symbols and rituals serve other purposes, differentiating these same Symbols often express/convey the individual identity of people. Bill Nichols in his groups, thereby creating overlapping and competing expectations of loyalty, compliance, work Ideology and the Image cites the Oxford English dictionary for the entry for a word to assimilation and conformity. (Hastings, Wilson 67). Wilson and Hastings also observe that, represent, and then continues. “Symbols are among the most important elements of politics which tie people to other people Represent: to stand for or in place of something else, to bring clearly before the mind whom they will never meet, and to institutions of which they will not have direct experience” (OED). To represent with images is to symbolize, and symbolization is basic to (Hastings and Wilson 65-66). intercommunication. By means of symbols we can enter into processes of
communication and exchange with one another. Symbols […] represent us in these 15 16 the Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice
for all."(symbols and celebrations, iffousa.org) 2. National Symbols
National symbols play an important role in the lives of the countries, governments and
2.1 American national symbols citizens around the world. They comprise the meaning of the countries; often carry the
ideology of the country. They provide the means of showing affiliation. Their use is often American citizens are famous for their extensive usage of their national symbols. They institutionalized by some form of law or governmental action. The Wilson’s and Hastings display these symbols all over. The flags are hanging in front of the houses even on ordinary observation from previous chapter is most certainly true. “Symbols are among the most day. They multiply on national holidays. Samuel P. Huntington says that since the end of important elements of politics which tie people to other people whom they will never meet” Civil war are Americans fixed to their flag. Stars and stripes play the position of religious idol (Hastings and Wilson 65-66). One may see a stranger, but may feel closer to him, when he and the flag is for Americans much more important symbol of national identity than for the sees little flag pin on his coat. other nations (Huntington 15). The most common of national symbols are the flag, national seal, and coat of arms. Many The extensive and dense use of national symbols in the Un...
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This document was uploaded on 03/20/2014.
- Spring '14
- The American