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Reducedeadweightwordsandphrases

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Unformatted text preview: penal code will be severe. Specific: In proportion as men delight in battles, bullfights, and combats of gladiators, will they punish by hanging, burning, and the rack. From: Strunk and White Term Paper: Scientific Writing Term Paper: Scientific Writing Sentences • 4. Follow: subject + verb + object (active voice!) Term Paper: Scientific Writing Term Paper: Scientific Writing We will talk more about this in future classes. For now, just beat the following into your head… “Subject verb object” “Subject verb object” “Subject verb object” “Subject verb object” or just… “Subject verb” Paper: Scientific Writing Paper: Scientific Writing The active voice vs. the passive voice. We’ll see this again and again and again… Term Paper: Scientific Writing Term Paper: Scientific Writing In passive-voice sentences, the subject is acted In upon; the subject doesn’t act. upon; Passive verb = a form of the verb “to be” + Passive the past participle of the main verb The main verb must be a transitive verb (that The is, take an object). is, Term Paper: Scientific Writing Term Paper: Scientific Writing She is loved. She Which evokes the question, “Who’s loving her?” her?” The direct object of the verb. Form of “to be” She’s not the subject since she’s not the one doing the loving. Past participle of a transitive verb: to love (direct object). Term Paper: Scientific Writing Term Paper: Scientific Writing President Kennedy was shot in 1963. The direct object of the verb. He’s not the subject since he’s not the one doing the shooting. Form of “to be” Past participle of a transitive verb: to shoot (direct object). Active: Oswald shot President Kennedy in 1963. Term Paper: Scientific Writing Term Paper: Scientific Writing In the passive voice, “The agent is AWOL” –Sin and Syntax e.g. “Mistakes were made.” ∴ Nobody is responsible. vs. The President made mistakes… Term Paper: Scientific Writing Term Paper: Scientific Writing "Cigarette ads were designed to appeal especially to "Cigarette were children." vs. vs. "We designed the cigarette ads to appeal especially to designed children.” Responsible party! Term Paper: Scientific Writing Term Paper: Scientific Writing • 5. Use strong verbs and avoid turning verbs into nouns Term Paper: Scientific Writing Term Paper: Scientific Writing A sentence uses one main verb to convey its central action; without that verb the sentence would collapse. The verb is the engine that drives the sentence. Dull, lifeless verbs slow the sentence down. Action verbs reflect the action they were chosen to describe, and help bring the reader into the story. Term Paper: Scientific Writing Term Paper: Scientific Writing Compare: “Loud music came from speakers embedded in the walls, and the entire arena moved as the hungry crowd got to its feet.” With: “Loud music exploded from speakers embedded in the walls, and the entire arena shook as the hungry crowd leaped...
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