Use words to express numerals below 10 and when

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Unformatted text preview: placed inside quotation marks • Use numerals to express numbers 10 and above. Use words to express numerals below 10 and when beginning a sentence: Forty students improved, three did not improve, and 25 remained unchanged. In Text Citations • Do not use footnotes or endnotes • Follow the author-date method of in-text citation: The author’s last name and year of publication should appear in text, and a complete reference should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper • Always capitalize proper nouns, including author names • If referring to the title of a source within your paper, capitalize all words that are four letters or longer • After a colon or dash in the title, capitalize the first word • Use italics for the titles of books, periodicals, films, videos, TV shows, and microfilms publications (within text). In general, use italics infrequently • In cases of multiple authors, join the authors’ names with the word “and” if you are referring to them in the text; join the authors’ names with an ampersand (&) if you are referring to them in a parenthetical citation • Within a paragraph, when the name of the author/authors is part of the narrative, the year is not needed if it has already been referenced. However, parenthetical references need to include the year. In Text Citations • One work, one author: Johnson (2010) found that locus of control… Student retention at doctoral level institutions (Jones, 2008)… • One work by two authors: Cite both names every time the reference occurs in the text: Smith and Jones (2008) reported that… Epidemiological samples were found to be consistent (Packer & Rupert, 2004). • When a work has three, four, or five authors, cite all authors the first time the reference occurs; in subsequent citations, include only the surname of the first author followed by et al. and the year: Hall, Parker, and Paul (2010) found that… Hall et al. (2010) found that… • When a work has six or more authors, cite only the surname of the first author followed by et al. and the year. In the reference list, include all authors. In Text Citations • Two or more works with the same parentheses: Order the citations alphabetically in the same order they appear in the reference list, separated by a semicolon: Several studies (Smith & Reed, 2003; Walter, 2004) showed that… • Secondary sources: Use secondary sources sparingly (e.g. when the original work is out of print or not available in English). Give the secondary source in the reference list. In text, name the original work and give a citation for the secondary source: Murphy’s diary (as cited in Forman, 2002), revealed… Reference List • In the back of the paper, on a separate page titled References (NOT Works Cited, Bibliography), list all the sources cited and quoted in the paper • Make sure you list ALL your sources referred to in the body of the paper • All references listed alphabetically, by first author • Only author’s last name and initials are provided (invert all authors’ names) Reference List • The title of a journal article is not capitalized (except the first word and any word after a colon) or italicized; the full name of the journal IS italicized and uppercase/lowercase • The volume number IS italicized • The name of a b...
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This document was uploaded on 03/20/2014 for the course CHEM 100A 100A at UCSD.

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