Spain Population Collapse

60 65 of silver out of potosi europeans concentrate

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Unformatted text preview: ion gives indigenous people the rights to land and goods. Labor is still a problem. Who will work the mines? The Spanish estates? The cities? The Mesoamerican labor draft known as the cuatequil (repartimiento after conquest) The repartimiento is a weekly labor draft. While during 6 months you can begin to become a skilled laborer. While during a week you can do unskilled (indigenous skills) agricultural and building jobs. This allows the Spanish workers they can use in fields, construction, transportation, but can’t do more skilled work and can’t go long distances. No miners. The district magistrate oversees the whole region, relies on the governor of the indigenous republics. A flow of rotating labor for simple jobs is produced, but no good for creating permanent and skilled labor required for mining and crafts. Spanish Mesoamerica turns to African slaves. Before 1650, while we think of African slavery as fueled by slave plantations. Untrue, except for Brazil. Slaves are too expensive/valuable for field labor. Too expensive to risk underground in the mines, but are used in silver refining. “Blacksmiths” comes from the workers, simply smiths in Europe. Africans come to tend livestock, they’re used to it. “Cowboys” boy, not man, as was a role originally for slaves. Where do you get your skilled mine labor? Most skilled labor in New World, most dangerous too. You don’t coerce, you attract. Free mixed race peoples mine, the slaves do skilled work, the indigenous rotate and do unskilled work. By the 1600s, the villages are being told...
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