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Spain Population Collapse

It is the principales that produce mesoamerican crops

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Unformatted text preview: survival of the remnant of the indigenous population, for if the population dies Spanish America dies too. The Spanish hope that a better fed population will mean better chances of beating diseases. One can argue that the reconstruction is not done out of kindness, but is a relative gain for the indigenous population (more for principales, less for commoners) but they are now locked together and the defense of the community is now communal. If the consolidation of the indigenous republics gives 30% of the land to 5- 10% of the population relative to prior numbers, 70% is now vacant. A region of multiple broad basins almost everywhere, though more close to Mexico City and the mines, the Spanish regime determines that it aims to end encomiendas, according to the wishes of the Crown in the 1550s/60s. The Crown says that they will now reward the offspring of conquerors and other notable people with land grants (graces, Mercedes?) meant to be private property for whatever things they want. Typically livestock. A Mexico city grows to about 70,000 people (larger than Lima but smaller than Potosi), they all need to be sustained. You start to get he use of the lands granted not only to raise livestock for meat and wool, but you also begin to plant wheat and sugar. In the early creation of Spanish land, there is an ethnic division of labor. As Europeans become agrarian capitalists, they plant European goods such as sugar and wheat, European livestock. It is the principales that produce Mesoamerican crops for the Mesoamerican consumers. The congregat...
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