Lin 306-HO-KeySocioConcepts

each individual gives evidence of partial knowledge

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Unformatted text preview: Cambridge, UK: Cambridge U P.): ...each individual gives evidence of partial knowledge of a number of systems which can to some extent be defined in terms of external norms which they have identified as the properties of the group they have perceived. A community, its rules, and its language only exist insofar as its members perceive them to exist; this is the nature of linguistic competence, and no satisfactory model is yet available for its description. p. 205 • (So, ‘community’ and ‘language’ have social reality only to the extent that convergent beliefs about them arise.) • They call this scale the degree of focus that a community or language may have, and use it to characterize the social and linguistic emergence of creoles.) They go on... ...the instant pidgin has all the potential creativity of pidginization. It is diffuse, opportunistic, involves all kinds of contextual cues to convey meaning. It may rely heavily on the mutual semantic delimitation which words exert on one another in juxtaposition (i.e., on the lexicalization of syntax) without these having to be defined in grammatical terminology; on the prosody of utterance, and on any kind of gesture such as pointing; the most basic sentence being the single word uttered with a particular experimental pro...
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