Lin 306-HO-KeySocioConcepts

Lin 306-HO-KeySocioConcepts - Lin 306(Woodbury Some Key...

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Lin 306 (Woodbury): Some Key Sociolinguistic Concepts 1. SPEECH COMMUNITY John J. Gumperz (1962, 'Types of Linguistic Communities, Anthropological Linguistics 4(1):28-40) describes a speech community (but using a different term) as: ...a social group which may be either monolingual or multilingual, held together by frequency of social interaction patterns and set off from the surrounding areas by weaknesses in the lines of communication. Linguistic communities may consist of small groups bound together by face-to-face contact or may cover larger regions, depending on the level of abstraction we wish to achieve. 2. COMMUNICATION MATRIX and CODE MATRIX Gumperz defines these in the same article: The totality of communication roles within a society may be called its communication matrix ...For our purposes it will be sufficient to isolate only those roles or role clusters which correlate with significant speech differences. We assume then that each role has as its linguistic diacritic a particular code or subcode which serves as the norm for role behavior. We speak of the code matrix as the set of codes and subcodes functionally related to the communication matrix. By communication roles , he means roughly the roles an individual might play in any of the different social situations a person might find him/herself, e.g., as parent in the home, as player on a football team, or as student speaking in class, as customer in a store. By codes , he refers neutrally either to different languages, or to dialects or styles within the same language.
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