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Unformatted text preview: to the situations where the two groups
come in contact, e.g., labor exploitation
o Creoles. “New” languages emerging from pidgins Typically, creoles emerge when a pidgin becomes the native
language of children in a community where the pidgin is used o Established languages and speech communities. Languages and speech
communities with long traditions of continuous linguistic practice Large body of shared linguistic and cultural knowledge Traditions of writing may reinforce the traditions (e.g., English,
Chinese) But shared knowledge may also be maintained orally (e.g.,
indigenous communities such as Eyak, Cup’ik, Chatino, and many
many others around the world); and it may be maintained in
situations of stable multilingualism
4. AD HOC COMMUNICATION
• Communication as it develops when parties share no language in common
• Consider this advice from a missionary linguist to linguists who wish to study and
learn the language of people with whom they share no common language (from
Nida, Eugene A. (1949) Morphology: The descriptive analysis of words (Ann
Arbor: University of Michigan Press:
For a strictly monolin...
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This note was uploaded on 03/22/2014 for the course LIN 306 taught by Professor Shields during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.
- Fall '08