S late 80s hallucinogenic psychotherapy redux an

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Unformatted text preview: enicillin for the soul •  Use leaks out to expanding recreaConal use ­ acquires name of Ecstasy (early 80s) •  DEA places MDMA in Schedule I (1985 ­88) •  Use spreads to Europe, becomes part of raves, spreads back to U.S. (late 80s) Hallucinogenic Psychotherapy Redux an easily controlled altered state of consciousness with emoConal and sensual overtones, and with li`le hallucinatory effect UC Berkeley biochemist/toxicologist Alexander Shulgin, self ­report aHer synthesizing and self ­ administering 120mg MDMA, 1978 CombinaCon of •  SCmulant effects •  Mild hallucinogen ­like effects •  More unique emoConal effects MDMA Psychotherapy •  1970s research appeared successful, but poorly controlled •  Advantages over hallucinogenic therapy: –  –  –  –  –  –  shorter ­acCng more introspecCon greater inCmacy/trust reduced anxiety/depression less altered percepCon more stable body image and ego •  Current overseas research suggests decreased drug use, other psychiatric improvements Use of Ecstasy among 8th,10...
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