Lecture 5 - Brain Basics

Amines forebrain cerebral cortex thalamus

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Unformatted text preview: inal cord •  life support functions (heart rate, respiration) Pons •  ventral side of cerebellum •  levels of consciousness, sleep, •  arousal, control of autonomic functions, •  sleep, relay info to cerebellum Cerebellum •  coordination of voluntary movement •  learning motor behaviors •  involved in cognition •  timing of motor output Midbrain •  rostral end of brainstem: reticular formation, superior/inferior colliculi •  arousal, wakefulness •  information modulation •  source cells for some important neurotransmitters (biogenic amines) Forebrain •  •  •  •  •  Cerebral Cortex Thalamus Hypothalamus Basal Ganglia Limbic System Thalamus •  relays information from diverse areas to cerebral cortex •  integrates sensory information •  regulates sleep-wakefulness Hypothalamus •  homeostatic control (e.g. body temperature, cardiovascular system, food and water intake) •  regulates autonomic and endocrine systems •  Infundibulum connects hypothalamus to pituitary glands Basal Ganglia •  voluntary movement, posture Limbic System •  Medial Forebrain Bundle –  collection of various nerves running upstream through midbrain –  involved in reinforcement •  Hippocampus •  Amygdala •  Nucleus Accumbens Hippocampus •  medial side of temporal lobe •  consolidation of short term memory...
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This note was uploaded on 03/21/2014 for the course COGS 174 taught by Professor Pineda during the Winter '11 term at UCSD.

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