Hallucinogens

Bad trips funcdon of set and seng bad trip elements

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Unformatted text preview: (good and bad) •  Mood swings –  –  –  –  –  –  Euphoria or horror Time distorDon SpaDal distorDon Wavering intensity Increase in “meaning” Spiritual/mysDcal experiences •  Ego dissoluDon •  Loss of self/other boundary Good trips vs. bad trips •  FuncDon of set and se^ng •  Bad trip elements –  Set: personality, current mental state, expectaDons –  Se$ng: environment, other people –  –  –  –  –  –  –  •  Panic Confusion Paranoia Anxiety Helplessnes Loss of Control Psychosis Flashbacks and Hallucinogen PersisDng Perceptual Disorder (HPPD) –  Recurring aspects of a trip long a`er it ends (months, years) –  Usually associated with very intense bad trips –  Can also be relaDvely benign perceptual disturbances •  moving pa[erns in walls, etc History of hallucinogens –  Used by humans since before recorded history •  Shamanism –  Speculated role in origins of belief systems and cultures –  Soma in vedic texts –  Greek cults? (“nectar of the gods”) •  ErgoDsm –  St. Anthony’s Fire –  The Great Fear (French RevoluDon) –  Salem witch trials? –  Modern study of hallucinogens begins in 1920s –  Discovery of LSD in 194...
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