Midterm 1 Study Guide Questions

Food should be for the most part low in protein why

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Unformatted text preview: the field of synthetic biology contributing to the development of antimalarial drugs? Synthetic biology is helpful in examples such as the production of artemisinin, a potential antimalarial drug. Using synthetic biology, artemisinin has been created through artificial microbial production. What is the most common, non- infectious problem caused by fungi which affects people? The most common problem caused by fungi is allergies, which is caused by the inhalation of airborne spores. What is a dermatophyte? A dermatophyte is a fungal infection found in the skin, hair and nails. Trichophyton is one of the most common types of fungus found in these types of infection. Name at least two ways in which nail infections caused by fungi can be treated. One way would be the removal of the infected part of the nail, and another treatment would be topical antifungal medication. Candida albicans, a yeast, is dimorphic. What does this mean and how does it influence the ability of C. albicans to cause disease? If a yeast is dimorphic then it can exist as either a single- celled yeast (which reproduces by budding) or a hyphal organism. This assists the C. albicans in causing disease because it can survive in a variety of different conditions (i.e. as a hyphal organism it can withstand the high internal temperatures of the human body). Candida albicans is referred to as ‘commensal’ and ‘opportunistic’. What do these terms mean? Commensal means that the organism attains benefits from the host, but does not cause harm...
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