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Midterm 1 Study Guide Questions

Pro would force medical professionals insurers and

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Unformatted text preview: a sign is noticed by a physician during an examination. Lecture 3 In the discussion about defining disease, normativists and naturalists take different standpoints. Briefly explain both views on disease. Normativists emphasize the undesirability of diseases and the harms and limitations they bring. When speaking about disease, they usually refer to it as a sickness or illness. Naturalists, on the other hand, believe that there must be the presence of a biological dysfunction, and think of disease as a disorder. If it inhibits normal function, contributing to survival and reproduction, then it is a disease. How is obesity defined? Obesity is defined as excess adipose tissue (or body fat) with a BMI that is over 30. What does BMI stand for, and what is it an estimate of? BMI stand s for the Body Mass Index and it is an estimate of body fat that is made after taking into account a person’s height and weight. Give one ‘pro’ and one ‘con’ argument for why obesity may be considered a disease. Pro: would force medical professionals, insurers, and employers to treat it with the same degree of concern given other diseases Con: it would divert already limited public funds to a preventable disease Explain the expression ‘obesity epidemic’. “Obesity epidemic” refers to the rapidly increasing number of obese individuals found in the United States that are morbidly obese (BMI > 40). Name at least three factors that are thought to contribute to obesity. Three factors that...
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